McMichael, BK, Cheney, RE and BS Lee. 2010. J. Biol. Chem 285: 9506-15. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.017269. Epub 2010 Jan 17.
Osteoclasts use actin-rich attachment structures in place of focal adhesions for adherence to bone and non-bone substrates. On glass, osteoclasts generate podosomes, foot-like processes containing a core of F-actin and regulatory proteins that undergo high turnover. To facilitate bone resorption, osteoclasts generate an actin-rich sealing zone composed of densely packed podosome-like units. Patterning of both podosomes and sealing zones is dependent upon an intact microtubule system. A role for unconventional myosin X (Myo10), which can bind actin, microtubules, and integrins, was examined in osteoclasts. Immunolocalization showed Myo10 to be associated with the outer edges of immature podosome rings and sealing zones, suggesting a possible role in podosome and sealing zone positioning. Further, complexes containing both Myo10 and beta-tubulin were readily precipitated from osteoclasts lysates. RNAi-mediated suppression of Myo10 led to decreased cell and sealing zone perimeter, along with decreased motility and resorptive capacity. Further, siRNA-treated cells could not properly position podosomes following microtubule disruption. Osteoclasts overexpressing dominant negative Myo10 microtubule binding domains (MyTH4) showed a similar phenotype. Conversely, overexpression of full-length Myo10 led to increased formation of podosome belts along with larger sealing zones and enhanced bone resorptive capacity. These studies suggest that Myo10 plays a role in osteoclast attachment and podosome positioning by direct linkage of actin to the microtubule network.