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Effects of soybean milk, chitosan, and anti-Streptococcus mutans IgY in malnourished rats' dental biofilm and the IgY persistency in saliva.

Posted by on in 2015
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Bachtiar EWSoejoedono RDBachtiar BMHenrietta AFarhana NYuniastuti M. 2015. Interv Med Appl Sci. 7(3):118-23. doi: 10.1556/1646.7.2015.3.6. Epub 2015 Sep 28.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aims to evaluate the eff ect of soybean milk containing a combination of anti-Streptococcus mutans IgY and chitosan to the colonization of S. mutans in the saliva and to the IgY persistency in the saliva.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Experimental malnourished Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with soybean milk that is enriched with anti-S. mutans IgY and chitosan. After 15 days of feeding, we evaluated the S. mutans in dental biofilm, in addition to the persistency level of anti-S. mutans IgY.

RESULTS:

The rats that received soybean milk supplemented with anti-S. mutans IgY had the lowest number of S. mutans colonies (p < 0.05). Anti-S. mutans IgY was detected in saliva after 15 days of feeding.

CONCLUSIONS:

Soybean milk supplemented with anti-S. mutans IgY and chitosan could signifi cantly reduce S. mutans biofilm, and the supplemented anti-S. mutans IgY persisted in these rats' saliva following the feeding period.

KEYWORDS:

IgY; S. mutans; biofilm; chitosan; soy milk

PMID:
 
26525071
 
[PubMed] 
PMCID:
 
PMC4609024
 
Free PMC Article
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